Find Minimum value in a List of Integers in Java 8

In this post, we will see how to find minimum value in a List of Integers in Java 8.


1. Convert List to IntStream

The idea is to convert the list to IntStream and use IntStream#min method that returns an OptionalInt having the minimum value of the stream. We can either use orElse or orElseGet or orElseThrow to unwrap an OptionalInt to get hold of real Integer inside.

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2. Stream.min()

We can also use min() provided by Stream which accepts a Comparator to compare items in the stream against each other and returns an Optional having the minimum value in the stream.

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Now since Integer#compare takes two ints as argument and returns an int value similar to a Comparator#compare, it complies with Comparator functional interface.

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3. Reduction operation

We can also perform a reduction operation on the values of the stream using Integer#min function, which then returns an Optional describing the minimum value present.

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There’s an overloaded version of reduce() method that performs a reduction on the values of the stream, using the provided identity value and an associative accumulation function and returns the reduced value.

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4. Using Collectors

We can also use Collectors to find the the minimum value in the list.

1. Collectors#minBy returns a Collector that produces the minimal value according to a given Comparator.

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2. Collectors#summarizingInt returns a Collector which applies an int-producing mapping function to each input value and returns summary statistics for the resulting values containing statistics such as count, min, max, sum and average.

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3. Collectors#reducing returns a Collector which performs reduction of its input values under a specified BinaryOperator and returns an Optional.

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5. Using Sorting

If we sort the stream in natural order, then the first value in the stream would be the minimum value. This approach is not recommened as it is very inefficient.

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In order to avoid NullPointerException if the given list is null and NoSuchElementException if given list is empty, we can add below code to all above methods in the beginning:


1. Stream Javadoc SE 8
2. Collectors Javadoc SE 8

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