Replace each element of the array by its corresponding rank in the array

Given an array of distinct integers, replace each element of the array by its corresponding rank in the array.


The minimum element in the array has rank 1, the second minimum element has rank of 2 and so on.. For example,

Input:  { 10, 8, 15, 12, 6, 20, 1 }

Output: { 4, 3, 6, 5, 2, 7, 1 }


The idea is to store each element’s index in an ordered map (Since the array contains all distinct integers, we can use array elements and their index as key-value pair in the map). Since elements are stored in sorted order in ordered map, if we iterate through the map, we get elements in increasing order. So, for each element in increasing order, we start assigning values to it starting from number 1 till n.

Below is C++ and Java implementation of the idea:


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4 3 6 5 2 7 1


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[4, 3, 6, 5, 2, 7, 1]

The time complexity of above solution is O(nlog(n)) (assuming O(log(n)) time operation for std::map/TreeMap) and auxiliary space used by the program is O(n).

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nice problem with easy soln.


Elegant solution, thanks!