Category: Graphs

Greedy coloring of graph

Greedy coloring of graph

The graph coloring (also called as vertex coloring) is a way of coloring the vertices of a graph such that no two adjacent vertices share the same color. In this post we will discuss a greedy algorithm for graph coloring and try to minimize the number of colors used.

Single-Source Shortest Paths – Bellman Ford Algorithm

Given a source vertex s from set of vertices V in a weighted graph where its edge weights w(u, v) can be negative, find the shortest-path weights d(s, v) from given source s for all vertices v present in the graph. If the graph contains negative-weight cycle, report it.

Single-Source Shortest Paths – Dijkstra’s Algorithm

Given a source vertex s from set of vertices V in a weighted graph where all its edge weights w(u, v) are non-negative, find the shortest-path weights d(s, v) from given source s for all vertices v present in the graph.

Disjoint-Set Data Structure (Union Find Algorithm)

Explain the working of disjoint-set data structure and efficiently implement it.   Problem: We have some number of items. We are allowed to merge any two items to consider them equal. At any point, we are allowed to ask whether two items are considered equal or not.